Botox (also referred to as botulinum toxin) is a toxin that is used to temporarily paralyse muscle activity.
Botox injections block certain chemical signals from the nerves, preventing the muscles from contracting.
Although the primary use of Botox is to temporarily relax the facial muscles that underlie and cause wrinkles,
such as frown lines between the eyebrows, crow’s-feet - the lines that fan out from the corners of the eyes – and forehead furrows,
it can be used to treat other conditions as well.
Botox can be used as an adjunct in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and bruxism cases,
as Botox can greatly reduce the intensity of the muscle contractions that contribute to TMJ and facial pain.
In aesthetic dentistry, Botox is just as important as porcelain veneers and composite resins,
because it affects the soft tissue around the mouth which contributes to the enhancement of a patient’s smile.
Botox has also been used in other areas of dentistry including retraining muscles during orthodontic therapy.
Orthodontic appliances can move the teeth into alignment, but, if the patient has strong to severe muscle movement,
teeth will relapse and shift back into their original position.