Tooth extractions are necessary when a tooth is broken or damaged due to decay or injury, and cannot be repaired with fillings, crowns or other dental treatments. There are two kinds of extractions that may be considered: A simple extraction and a surgical extraction.
A simple extraction is the removal of a tooth that had already erupted out of the gum line. For a simple extraction, the tooth is loosened with an instrument called an elevator, before the tooth is removed with forceps (an instrument that resembles a tong or tweezer).
A surgical extraction is a more complex procedure that is necessary when the tooth has broken off at the gum line or has not erupted in the mouth. With a surgical extraction, small incisions are made into the gum to surgically remove the broken or impacted tooth.